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At her birth she had dual American and British citizenship — British because of her birthplace, and American deriving from her parents.
Dame Elizabeth Taylor (born February 27, 1932) is a British actress famous for her 8 marriages, her two Academy Awards, her condemnation by the Vatican in the 1960s, and her beauty characterised by raven hair and violet eyes.
Though sometimes referred to as "Liz," she is not fond of that name. She prefers her given name to be pronounced Eee-lizabeth. Her given and middle names were in honor of her paternal grandmother, Elizabeth Taylor, who was born Elizabeth Mary Rosemond.
She was born Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor in Hampstead, London, England, the second child of Francis Lenn Taylor (December 28, 1897-November 20, 1968) and Sara Viola Warmbrodt (August 21, 1896-September 11, 1994), who were Americans working in Britain. She has an older brother Howard Taylor (born 1929).
However she is now only a "permanent resident" of the U.S., having relinquished her American citizenship after marrying Richard Burton. After marrying Republican Senator John Warner, of Virginia, Taylor received a "green card".
Her American parents were both originally from Arkansas City, Kansas. Her father was an art dealer and her mother a former actress whose stage name was Sara Sothern. Sara retired from the stage when she and Francis Taylor married in 1926 in New York.
At the age of three, Elizabeth began taking ballet lessons. After the UK entered World War II, her parents decided to return to the United States to avoid hostilities.
Her mother took the children first, while her father remained in London to wrap up matters in the art business. They settled in Los Angeles, California, where Sara's family, the Warmbrodts, were then living.
Taylor appeared in her first motion picture at the age of nine for Universal. They let her contract drop and she was signed with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
Her first movie with that studio was Lassie Come Home (1943). This drew favorable attention. After a couple more movies, the second on loan-out to 20th Century Fox, she appeared in her first leading role and achieved child star status playing Velvet Brown, a young girl who trains a horse to win the Grand National in Clarence Brown's movie National Velvet (1944) with Mickey Rooney. National Velvet was a big hit, grossing over $4,000,000 at the box-office, and she was signed to a long term contract.
She attended school on the MGM lot and University High School in Los Angeles, where she received her diploma on January 26, 1950, the same year she first got married at age 18.
Elizabeth Taylor first won the Academy Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role for her performances in BUtterfield 8 (1960), and then again for Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1966), which co-starred Richard Burton and the Supporting Actress Oscar-winner, the late actress Sandy Dennis.
She was nominated for Raintree County (1957), Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958) (opposite Paul Newman), and Suddenly, Last Summer (1959) with the late Oscar winners Katharine Hepburn and Mercedes McCambridge.
In 1963, she became the highest paid movie star up until that time when she accepted $1,000,000 to play the title role in the lavish production of Cleopatra for 20th Century Fox.
And it was during the filming of that movie that she worked for the first time with future husband, Richard Burton, who played Mark Antony.
Taylor has also appeared a number of times on television, including the 1973 made-for-TV movie with then husband, Richard Burton, titled Divorce His — Divorce Hers.
In 1985, she played movie columnist Louella Parsons in Malice in Wonderland (opposite Jane Alexander who played Hedda Hopper) and she also appeared in the mini-series North and South. And in 2001, she played an agent in These Old Broads.
She has also appeared on a number of TV programs, including General Hospital, All My Children and The Simpsons (as the voice of Maggie).
She has also acted on stage and made her Broadway debut in a revival of Lillian Hellman's The Little Foxes (1982), and a production of Noel Coward's Private Lives (1983), in the latter of which she starred with her former husband, Richard Burton.
She has been married eight times to seven husbands:
Hotel heir Nicky Hilton (married May 6, 1950-divorced January 29, 1951)
Actor Michael Wilding (married February 21, 1952-divorced January 26, 1957)
Producer Mike Todd (married February 2, 1957-his death March 22, 1958)
Singer Eddie Fisher (married May 12, 1959-divorced March 6, 1964)
Actor Richard Burton (married March 15, 1964-divorced June 26, 1974)
Actor Richard Burton (2nd Marriage) (married October 10, 1975-divorced July 29, 1976)
Senator John Warner (married December 4, 1976-divorced November 7, 1982)
Teamster construction-equipment operator Larry Fortensky (married October 6, 1991-divorced October 31, 1996)
Taylor and Wilding had two sons, Michael Howard Wilding (born January 6, 1953) and Christopher Edward Wilding (born February 27, 1955).
She and Todd had one daughter, Elizabeth Frances Todd, called "Liza," (born August 6, 1957). And in 1964, she and Fisher started adoption proceedings for a daughter, whom Burton later adopted, Maria Burton (born August 1, 1961).
She was a stepmother to actress Kate Burton, at least for the duration of her marriages to Kate's father, Richard. During her married to Fisher, Taylor converted to Judaism. She remains Jewish to this day, and has refered to herself as such several times.
Taylor has a passion for jewelry. Over the years, she has owned a number of well known pieces, two of the most talked about being the 33.19 carat (6.638 g) Krupp Diamond and the 69.42 carat (13.884 g) pear shaped Taylor-Burton Diamond, which were among many dazzling gifts from husband Richard Burton.
Her enduring collection of jewelry has been eternalized with her book My Love Affair with Jewelry (2002). In 2005, she partnered with Jack and Monty Abramov of Mirabelle Luxury Concepts in Los Angeles to introduce the House of Taylor Jewelry.
She has also launched two perfumes, "Passion" and "White Diamonds," that together earn an estimated $200 million in annual sales.
Taylor has devoted much time and energy to AIDS-related charities and fundraising. She helped start the American Foundation for AIDS Research (amfAR) after the death of her former co-star and friend, Rock Hudson. She also created her own AIDS foundation. By 1999, she had helped to raise an estimated $50,000,000 to fight the disease.
In 1992, she received the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award. The following year, 1993, she received the AFI Life Achievement Award. And in 2002, she was a Kennedy Center Honoree.
She received the title Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire from Queen Elizabeth in 1999, and may now be addressed as "Dame Elizabeth." Though she was thrilled with this honor, Taylor cracked, "I've always been a broad, now I'm a dame."
In the early 1980s, she moved to Bel-Air, California, which is her current home. The fenced and gated property is on tour maps sold at street corners and is frequently passed by tour guides.
In November 2004, Taylor announced that she has been diagnosed with congestive heart failure, a terminal condition in which the heart pumps insufficient amounts of blood throughout the body.
She has broken her back five times, has survived a benign brain tumor operation, skin cancer and has faced life-threatening bouts with pneumonia twice. She is reclusive and sometimes fails to make scheduled appearances due to illness or other personal reasons.
In 2005, she was a vocal supporter of her old friend, Michael Jackson, in his prosecution in California on charges of sexually abusing a child, and he was ultimately acquitted, despite the controversial post-trial comments of two jurors who expressed their doubts about his innocence.
Elizabeth Taylor's hand and foot prints are immortalized in the forecourt of Grauman's Chinese Theater and she has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6336 Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood.
In recent years, Taylor has found comfort in her little dog. She has reportedly said that she "goes nowhere without her little Maltese, Sugar. Sugar has spent more time in her bed than any of the men she has had in her whole life.
Eight husbands and one dog..." In an interview with American magazine W, Taylor says she was "happiest while with Todd and Burton, but now has to be content with her Maltese dog Sugar for company
." She explains, "I've never loved a dog like this in my life. It's amazing. Sometimes I think there's a person in there. There's something to say for this kind of love — it's unconditional."
There's One Born Every Minute (1942) (Universal) ... Gloria Twine
Lassie Come Home (1943) (MGM) ... Priscilla
The White Cliffs of Dover (1944) (MGM) ... Betsy at 10 (uncredited)
Jane Eyre (1944) (20th Century Fox) ... Helen Burns (uncredited)
National Velvet (1944) (MGM) ... Velvet Brown
Courage of Lassie (1946) (MGM) ... Kathie Merrick
Life with Father (1947) (MGM) ... Mary
Cynthia (1947) (MGM) ... Cynthia Bishop
A Date with Judy (1948) (MGM) ... Carol Pringle
Julia Misbehaves (1948) (MGM) ... Susan Packett
Little Women (1949) (MGM) ... Amy March
Conspirator (1949) (MGM) ... Melinda Greyton
The Big Hangover (1950) (MGM) ... Mary Belney
Father of the Bride (1950) (MGM) ... Kay Banks
Quo Vadis? (1951) (MGM) ... Christian prisoner in arena (uncredited)
Father's Little Dividend (1951) (MGM) ... Kay "Kitten" Dunston
A Place in the Sun (1951) (Paramount) ... Angela Vickers
Love Is Better Than Ever (1952) (MGM) ... Anastacia "Stacie" Macaboy
Ivanhoe (1952) (MGM) ... Rebecca
The Girl Who Had Everything (1953) (MGM) ... Jean Latimer
Rhapsody (1954) (MGM) ... Louise Durant
Elephant Walk (1954) (Paramount) ... Ruth Wiley
Beau Brummell (1954) (MGM) ... Lady Patricia
The Last Time I Saw Paris (1954) (MGM) ... Helen Ellswirth/Wills
Giant (1956) (Warner Bros.) ... Leslie Lynnton Benedict
Raintree County (1957) (MGM) ... Susanna Drake
Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958) (MGM) ... Maggie "The Cat" Pollitt
Suddenly, Last Summer (1959) (Columbia) ... Catherine Holly
Scent of Mystery (1960) (Michael Todd Company) ... the real Sally Kennedy (uncredited)
BUtterfield 8 (1960) (MGM) ... Gloria Wandrous
Cleopatra (1963) (20th Century Fox) ... Cleopatra
The V.I.P.s (1963) (MGM) ... Frances Andros
The Sandpiper (1965) (MGM) ... Laura Reynolds
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1966) (Warner Bros.) ... Martha
The Taming of the Shrew (1967) (Columbia) ... Katharina
Doctor Faustus (1967) (Columbia) ... Helen of Troy
Reflections in a Golden Eye (1967) (Warner Bros.) ... Leonora Penderton
The Comedians (1967) (MGM) ... Martha Pineda
Boom (1968) (Universal) ... Flora Goforth
Secret Ceremony (1968) (Universal) Leonora
Anne of the Thousand Days (1969) (Universal) ... Courtesan (uncredited)
The Only Game in Town (1970) (20th Century Fox) ... Fran Walker
Zee and Co. (1972) (Columbia) ... Zee Blakeley ... aka X, Y and Zee
Under Milk Wood (1973) (Altura Films International) ... Rosie Probert
Hammersmith Is Out (1972) (Cinerama Releasing Corporation) ... Jimmie Jean Jackson
Night Watch (1973) (Avco Embassy Pictures) ... Ellen Wheeler
Ash Wednesday (1973) (Paramount) ... Barbara Sawyer
Divorce His/Divorce Hers (1973) (made for TV)
The Driver's Seat (1974) (Rizzoli Film S.p.a.) ... Lise
Victory At Entebbe (1976)
The Blue Bird (1976) (20th Century Fox) ... Queen of Light
A Little Night Music (1977) (New World Pictures) ... Desiree Armfelt
Winter Kills (1979) (Avco Embassy Pictures) ... Lola Comante (uncredited)
The Mirror Crack'd (1980) (Associated Film Distribution) ... Marina Rudd
Il Giovane Toscanini (1988) (RAI) ... Nadina Bulichoff
The Flintstones (1994) (Universal) ... Pearl Slaghoople
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