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Tina Turner (born Anna Mae Bullock on November 26, 1939) is a Grammy Award-winning American pop/rock singer, Buddhist and occasional actress.
Born in Nutbush (now Brownsville, Tennessee), of African American, Navajo, and Cherokee ancestry. At age 16, she moved to St. Louis, Missouri and became well-known for her high energy performances with The Ike and Tina Turner Revue during the 1960s and 1970s.
She is, however, best known for her solo comeback in the mid-1980s. Turner is noted for her overpowering stage presence -- long legs, big hair, and raspy voice. She is often referred to as the "Queen of Rock & Roll."
She possesses a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame and was inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame in the 1990s. In addition, she is a member of the St. Louis Walk of Fame. She is also the winner of seven Grammy Awards thus far.
Her boyfriend is German Record Executive, Erwin Bach. Tina lives with him in Switzerland.
Anna Mae Bullock (Tina Turner) and her elder sister, Alline Bullock were abandoned by their father, and temporarily by their mother. They moved out of Brownsville, Tennesse and into St. Louis, Missouri to reunite with their mother in 1956.
In St. Louis Anna Bullock met Ike Turner, a noted pioneer of rock and roll, and later asked him if she could sing for him. Ike's initial response was no, but after much persistence on Anna's part, he eventually accepted.
Anna Mae Bullock started working with Ike Turner in 1958. Ike officially changed her stage name to Tina Turner. Tina Turner later married Ike Turner in 1960. She began as an occasional vocalist in his show at the age of 18, but within a couple of years she not only had a new name, but was the spotlight of a popular soul revue led by Ike Turner and his Kings of Rhythm.
When a singer was scheduled to record the famous rock song, "A Fool In Love", didn't appear, Tina Turner stepped in and recorded the song instead. "A Fool In Love" was a huge R&B; hit, and it made it into the top 30 of the U.S pop chart. After this, Ike Turner changed the name of his band to the Ike and Tina Turner Revue. Throughout the 1960s and 1970s Tina Turner rose into superstardom. She developed a very unique stage persona that people very much enjoyed in live concert.
Ike and Tina Turner recorded a number of hits in the 1960s and early 1970s, including "A Fool In Love," "It's Gonna Work Out Fine," "I Idolize You," "Nutbush City Limits," and River Deep — Mountain High with producer Phil Spector in his Wall of sound style. They also carved out a successful niche for themselves by "covering" songs made popular by other artists, such as, "Come Together", "Honky Tonk Woman", "I Want to Take You Higher". In fact, their signature hit became their high energy cover version of Creedence Clearwater Revival's "Proud Mary" (1971). Proud Mary was one of the revue's greatest radio successes peaking at number four on the official US radio chart.
While many of their original recordings never charted, by the late 1960's the Ike and Tina Turner Revue was well known for their live act and electrifying television appearances. Their supporters included The Rolling Stones and Janis Joplin. They were always performing anywhere and everywhere. A one night gig at a small predomininately black supper club could be followed up in the same week with a show at a major venue or a national TV appearance. Ike acted as the groups' manager and lead musical director, calling all the shots and ruling the act (and Tina) with an iron hand. This atmosphere caused the musicians and backup singers to frequently come and go, and Tina later reported being isolated and physically abused by Ike on a regular basis.
Ike and Tina had one child together, born in 1960, although their extended family consisted of two older sons of Ike's from a previous relationship and a son whom Tina bore in 1958 by Raymond Hill, a saxophone player in Ike Turner's band.
By the middle of the 1970s, Tina Turner's personal life and marriage began to further deteriorate. Ike's alleged drug use led to increasingly abusive behavior toward Tina. The abuse increased because their act was losing popularity, record sales were down and Ike was placing the blame on Tina. She abruptly decided to leave him (after an unsuccessful suicide attempt) while in the middle of a tour in 1976, with nothing more than thirty-six cents and a gas station credit card. She spent the next few months hiding from Ike by staying with various friends and relied on food stamps to exist.
Tina credits her newfound Buddhist faith with giving her the courage to eventually strike out on her own. Around this time, she appeared solo in a memorable cameo as the "Acid Queen" in the film of The Who's Tommy rock opera. Tina finalized her divorce in 1978 after 18 years of marriage, accusing Ike of years of severe spousal abuse and rampant drug addiction in her autobiography I, Tina, which was later made into the film What's Love Got to Do with It?. To put the marriage (and Ike) behind her, Tina left the marriage with no money or property, asking for and retaining only the use of the stage name Ike had given her.
Tina Turner began touring extensively to pay the bills and released several solo albums in the 1970s, but her career stalled until teaming up in 1982 with BEF for a remake of the Temptations' "Ball of Confusion" and recording a remake of Al Green's "Let's Stay Together," which drew the attention of Capitol Records. While she was largely considered to be washed-up by the American record industry, her popularity as a top stage act never faded in Europe and other parts of the world, so Capitol had signed her to a limited deal with their UK label.
When Tina Turner's version of "Let's Stay Together" was released in the United Kingdom, it became a huge hit, peaking at number six. This record marked a major turning point in Tina's solo career. Capitol shrewdly released the record in the US, where it made the Top 20. Given this turn of events, Capitol Records was quickly forced to review their previous assessment of Tina's chartability and put forth the resources to let her record an album.
In 1984, after much anticipation Tina Turner was able to release her long awaited solo album Private Dancer. The album was an enormous success, and established Tina Turner as a solo artist. Private Dancer had three top ten singles in the U.S, two of which won Grammy Awards. These singles were, the Billboard Hot 100 number one hit, "What's Love Got to Do With It?" (which eventually won, Record Of The Year, Song Of The Year, and Best Female Pop Vocal Performance, at the 1985 Grammy Awards), the title track, "Private Dancer", (written by Mark Knopfler) peaked at number seven, and "Better Be Good To Me"(which won, Best Female Rock Vocal Performance at the Grammy Awards), reaching the second highest at number five.
Besides winning Tina Turner three Grammy Awards, "What's Love Got to Do With It?" is partly credited for the amazing sales of Private Dancer. "What's Love Got to Do With It?" was also one of the most popular songs of 1984. The song remains one of Tina Turner's most career defining songs. Private Dancer went on to sell over 6 million copies in the United States alone, and well over 20 million copies world-wide. Private Dancer is officially the most successful album of the 1984-1985 period. It sold 15 million units worldwide and 5 million copies in the U.S. within just three years of its release. Through its initial success, Private Dancer peaked at number three on the US album sales chart, and remained at number one for five weeks on the US R&B; album sales chart. Private Dancer is today one of the highest selling albums of all time in the world.
Break Every Rule and Beyond
In 1984 she also recorded a duet with Bryan Adams entitled "It's Only Love". In 1985, she appeared as "Aunty Entity" in Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome with Mel Gibson, and scored additional hits with the movie's soundtrack, "We Don't Need Another Hero," and "One of the Living." We Don't need Another Hero was a huge success on the radio charts. It peaked at number 2 in the U.S. The song remains one of Tina Turner's most popular and powerful songs. "One of the Living" won a Grammy Award for Best Rock Vocal Performance. That same year, she infamously dueted with Mick Jagger in a performance of "State of Shock" at the Live Aid benefit concert at JFK Stadium.
In 1986 Tina Turner released her second solo studio album, Break Every Rule. The album was a great sales chart success and tour success. It spawned a number of hit singles including the most popular, "Typical Male", which peaked on the Billboard Hot 100 at number two. "Typical Male" is noted for its powerful, fast-paced beats, and strong vocals. Break Every Rule sold nearly 12 million copies worldwide. Tina entered the Guinness World Records during her Break Every Rule tour when she performed in front of the largest paying audience to see a single performer. The audience was made up of over 182 million fans in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The concert, sponsored by Pepsi, was broadcast live to a worldwide audience.
In 1989, Tina Turner released her last album of the 1980s Foreign Affair. This album was another great success for Turner, selling over 10 million copies worldwide. "Foreign Affair" sold 1.5 million copies in the United States. It spawned a variety of different hit singles. One of the album's most popular singles was the hit, "The Best". The song peaked at number six on the U.S. Hot 100, and peaked at number five in the United Kingdom. Tina Turner continued to lead several extensive world tours in the 1980s and 1990's and released several more successful albums.
During the early 1990s, her song "The Best" had become the theme song of two athletes: the legendary British world champion boxer Chris Eubank and the also legendary Brazilian Formula One racer Ayrton Senna (she even called him onstage in an australian concert in 1993, ,a few months before his death). Also, the song was considered the anthem of the Rugby League in Australia. The advertising campaign brought a lot of interest to the game, and the campaign reached a height when Turner appeared at and performed the song at the 1993 ARL Grand Final. A Rugby League version of the songs video clip was also released around the same time, which was in the top ten videos in Australia for a long time as well.
In 1993, her 1986 autobiography I, Tina (an international best seller) was made into a motion picture entitled What's Love Got to Do with It?. Angela Bassett won the role of Tina Turner in the movie (Whitney Houston and Halle Berry had also auditioned for the role) and was nominated for an Oscar for her performance. Laurence Fishburne played Ike and also received an Oscar nominated for his portrayal.
Tina Turner released an official sound-track album to the movie also titled, 'What's Love Got to Do with It?. Tina returned to the Top 10 of the Billboard Hot 100 with the theme song for the film “I Don’t Wanna Fight,” and embarked on a tour of North America. The album went double platinum in the U.S. for sales over 2 million, and it sold over 9 million copies throughout the world. Tina, What’s Love Live! was broadcast by FOX in the United States at the conclusion of her tour. That same year at the World Music Awards, Tina was honored with the Outstanding Contribution to Music Award.
In 1995, she recorded the title theme of the James Bond movie Goldeneye, penned by Bono and The Edge of U2.
Shortly thereafter, at the age of 56, Tina embarked on a world tour to promote her Wildest Dreams album. In 1996 Tina Turner released her fourth official studio album titled, Wildest Dreams. "Wildest Dreams" sold over 8 million copies worldwide and 1.3 million copies in the United States.
Tina Turner's most recent official studio album was released in 1999. The album was called Twenty Four Seven. It was not as successful as Tina's past albums, but it was still a success. It sold 1 million copies in the U.S. becoming platinum, and 6 million copies throughout the world.
Tina Turner Today
In 2000, Tina Turner embarked on her last world tour. The tour was a major success and was the highest grossing act of the year.
She gained great popularity throughout Europe and moved there permanently in 1986 to share a home with Erwin Bach, a German-born EMI record company executive 16 years her junior. In addition to a lakeshore home on the Goldkьste, the most exclusive district of Zurich, Switzerland, Turner has an estate in France at Villefranche-sur-Mer, a small town about 4 miles (6km) east of the city of Nice. Her home there sits atop Mont Vinaigrier, overlooking the Mediterranean Sea.
Now semi-retired, she teamed up with Phil Collins to record the song "Great Spirits" for the Disney film Brother Bear in 2003.
In 2004, Tina Turner released her latest greatest hits compilation abum, All the Best, which made Tina's highest Billboard 200 debut of her career, entering at #2. All The Best has so far sold over 5 million copies in the world.
Tina continued to do several live television performances in the US and Europe, highlighted by an interview and performance on The Oprah Winfrey Show in Spring 2005. Also in 2005, Tina was honored as one of the top legends in the entertainment business by Winfrey and her peers.
In December 2005, Tina Turner received the Kennedy Center Honors, in a show stopping event at the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts in Washington, DC. Turner joins an elite group of entertainers including contemporaries, Aretha Franklin, Michael Jackson, Ray Charles, Little Richard and Chuck Berry.
Tina Turner is the most successful female rock & roll artist in history. She has also sold more concert tickets than any other female performer in history. Her final concert in 2000 was the highest grossing in North America for the year. Though retired from major tours, Tina continues to give special performances to this day.
Tina Turner solo discography
Official Studio Albums (Capitol Records):
• 1984: Private Dancer #1 (5 weeks) R&B;, #3 U.S., #2 UK (U.S. sales: 6 million+, WW sales: 20 million+)
• 1986: Break Every Rule #7 R&B;, #4 U.S., #2 UK (U.S. sales: 3 million+, WW sales: 11 million+)
• 1989: Foreign Affair #83 R&B;, #31 U.S., #1 UK (U.S. sales: 1.5 million+, WW sales: 10 million+)
• 1996: Wildest Dreams #26 R&B;, #61 U.S., #4 UK (U.S. Sales: 1.3 million+, WW sales: 8 million+)
• 1999: Twenty Four Seven #29 R&B;, #21 U.S., #9 UK (U.S. sales: 1 million+, WW sales: 6 million+)
• 1973: Tina Turns the Country On
• 1975: Acid Queen #155 U.S.
• 1978: Rough
• 1979: Love Explosion
• 1985: Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome #47 R&B;, #39 U.S.
• 1988: Tina Live in Europe #86 U.S., #8 UK (U.S. sales: 1.1 million+)
• 1991: Simply the Best (compilation) #99 R&B;, #113 U.S., #2 UK (U.S. sales: 2 million+, WW sales: 9 million+)
• 1993: What's Love Got to Do with It? #8 R&B;, #17 U.S., #1 UK (U.S. sales: 2.3 million+, WW sales: 7.6 million+)
• 1994: The Collected Recordings — Sixties to Nineties
• 2000: Proud Mary: The Best of Ike & Tina Turner (album)
• 2001: Cussin,' Cryin' and Carryin' On (album)
• 2004: All the Best #12 R&B;, #2 U.S., #6 UK (U.S. sales: 1.8 million+, WW sales: 5 million+)
• 1975 "Whole Lotta Love" #61 R&B;
• 1975 "Acid Queen"
• 1978 "Root Toot, Undisputable Rock & Roller"
• 1978 "Sometimes When We Touch"
• 1979 "Backstabbers"
• 1982 "Ball Of Confusion"
• 1983 "Let's Stay Together" #3 R&B;, #26 U.S., #6 UK
• 1984 "Help" #40 UK
• 1984 "What's Love Got to Do with It?" #2 R&B;, #1 (3 weeks) U.S., #3 UK
• 1984 "Better Be Good to Me" #6 R&B;, #5 U.S., #45 UK
• 1984 "Private Dancer" #3 R&B;, #7 U.S., #26 UK
• 1985 "I Can't Stand The Rain" #57 UK
• 1985 "Show Some Respect" #50 R&B;, #37 U.S.
• 1985 "We Don't Need Another Hero (Thunderdome)" #3 R&B;, #2 U.S., #3 UK
• 1985 "One Of The Living" #41 R&B;, #15 U.S., #55 UK
• 1985 "It's Only Love" (with Bryan Adams) #15 U.S., #29 UK
• 1986 "Typical Male" #3 R&B;, #2 U.S., #33 UK
• 1986 "Two People" #18 R&B;, #30 U.S., #43 UK
• 1987 "What You Get Is What You See" #13 U.S., #30 UK
• 1987 "Break Every Rule" #74 U.S., #43 UK
• 1987 "Tearing Us Apart" (with Eric Clapton) #56 UK
• 1987 "Paradise Is Here"
• 1987 "Afterglow" #5 Club
• 1988 "Addicted To Love" #71 UK
• 1989 "The Best" #6 U.S., #5 UK
• 1989 "I Don't Wanna Lose You" #8 UK
• 1989 "Steamy Windows" #39 U.S., #13 UK
• 1990 "Look Me In The Heart" #31 UK
• 1990 "Foreign Affair"
• 1990 "Be Tender With Me Baby" #28 UK
• 1990 "It Takes Two" (with Rod Stewart) #5 UK
• 1991 "Nutbush City Limits" #23 UK
• 1991 "Way Of The World" #13 UK
• 1992 "Love Thing" #29 UK
• 1992 "I Want You Near Me" #22 UK
• 1993 "I Don't Wanna Fight" #51 R&B;, #9 U.S., #7 UK
• 1993 "Disco Inferno" #12 UK
• 1993 "Why Must We Wait Until Tonight" #103 R&B;, #97 U.S., #16 UK
• 1995 "GoldenEye" #89 R&B;, #102 U.S., #10 UK
• 1996 "Whatever You Want" #23 UK
• 1996 "On Silent Wings" #13 UK
• 1996 "Missing You" #84 U.S., #12 UK
• 1996 "Something Beautiful Remains" #27 UK
• 1996 "In Your Wildest Dreams" (feat. Barry White) #34 R&B;, #101 U.S., #32 UK
• 1998 "Cose Della Vita" (with Eros Ramazzotti)
• 1999 "When the Heartache Is Over" #3 U.S. DANCE/CLUB PLAY, #10 UK
• 2000 "Whatever You Need" #27 UK
• 2000 "Don't Leave Me This Way"
• 2004 "Open Arms" #70 R&B;, #25 UK
• 2006 "Teach Me Again" (with Elisa) #1 Italy
• The Big T.N.T. Show (1966) (documentary)
• It's Your Thing (1970) (documentary)
• Gimme Shelter (1970) (documentary)
• Taking Off (1971)
• Soul to Soul (1971) (documentary)
• CS Blues (1972) (documentary) (unreleased)
• Tommy (1975)
• Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (1978) (Cameo)
• Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome (1985)
• What's Love Got to Do with It? (1993) (Cameo) (singing voice for Angela Bassett)
• Last Action Hero (1993)
• A rather obvious impersonator of Miss Turner is occasionally featured on Brainiac: Science Abuse in a segment entitled "Tina Turner and Her Bunsen Burner".
• According to VH1, she is second on the list of Rock legends
• Turner was offered the role of "Shug Avery" in the film "The Color Purple", but turned it down because she thought it would bring back memories of her time with Ike.
• In 1986, Tina Turner received a Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
• Tina Turner has won seven Grammy Awards throughout her entire career so far.
• As a young adult, Tina tried to dye her hair with too much bleach, and it fell out. Since then, she has worn wigs.
• Born a Baptist, she credits her adopted religion, Buddhism, with giving her the strength to endure difficult times.
• Tina has two natural sons (one is Ike's, the other from a previous relationship with a musician from the Kings of Rhythm). She also raised Ike's two sons from his previous marriage.
• Her duet with Elisa, "Teach Me Again", from the soundtrack of All the Invisible Children (2005), entered the Italian singles chart at Number 1 in 2006.
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